[ ROAST DAY 28 OCT 2020 ]


How To Make The Most Out Of Your Espresso Machine 2

Have you decided to purchase an espresso machine but are overwhelmed by the choices available? Still confused about whether to invest in a fully automatic, manual, or semi-automatic machine? Espresso machines come with complex owner’s manuals that can easily overwhelm you. We’re here to simplify the process for you and brew perfect espresso shots every day. 

  1. Choosing The Right Espresso Machine

Selecting the right espresso machine is crucial. The reason is that these machines come in various types, each offering different levels of control and automation. Manual machines offer brewers complete control over every aspect of the espresso-making process. However, with a semi-automatic espresso machine, you can control factors like grind size, dose, and extraction time. Rest, the machine will take care of water flow and temperature.


Lastly, the fully automatic machine takes much of the guesswork out of espresso-making. It controls the entire brewing process, from grinding the beans to dispensing the shot, all by pressing just a button. However, it leaves you with the inability to control important aspects of espresso brewing.

  1. Considerations When Purchasing

Your skill level plays an important role in the espresso machine purchase. If you are well aware of the process, you can buy a manual one. Also, know your budget range, as espresso machines vary widely in price. If you invest in a quality machine, it can lead to better long-term results. Consider the available space to ensure that the chosen machine fits comfortably in your kitchen layout.

Some espresso machines are best suited for single servings. Hence, if you live in a group environment, invest in the one that can handle higher volumes.

  1. Setting Up The Machine

Once you have your espresso machine, it’s time to set it up correctly. Begin by filling up the water tank with clean, filtered water. Then, give the machine a little time to heat up and get itself ready – this process is called priming.

  1. Bean Selection

The type of coffee beans you choose will make or break your espresso. Factors like bean variety, roast levels, and origin have to be considered before purchasing. 

Try out different grind sizes and then pick one that suits your taste. A finer grind produces a slower extraction, while a coarser grind yields a faster one. Finding the sweet spot is vital to the perfect espresso. Once you are done with selecting the right amount of coffee used, or the dose, a thoughtful grinding process significantly impacts flavour.

Start with the recommended dose and adjust it to your liking. Generally, a standard single shot for espresso brewing requires 16 grams or above.

  1. Tamping 

To get that perfect espresso shot, pay attention to how you tamp and distribute the coffee grounds. Tamping is all about pushing down and levelling the grounds down in the portafilter with the right amount of pressure. Don’t go overboard, though, as that can make it tough for the water to flow through.

  1. Extraction

When you get the grind size, coffee dose, then you can expect a perfect shot of Espresso. Finer grinds slow down the process, while coarser ones speed up. Adjust that grind to control how long your shot takes. How much coffee you put in the portafilter affects how strong and flavorful your espresso turns out, so try different doses. 

Getting extraction timings right is inevitable. Usually, a shot takes about 24-30 seconds to extract.

  1. Milk Steaming,

If you are into lattes and cappuccinos, you’ll need to master the art of steaming milk. Position the steam wand just below the milk’s surface and angle it a bit off-centre to create a whirlpool effect. This not only heats the milk but gives it the right texture. Shoot for a milk temperature of around 150°F (65°C) – a thermometer can help here. It’s all about precision to make your coffee dreams come true!

  1. Pouring milk for cappuccinos and lattes

Then comes the step of pouring the milk for your final preparation. The selection of milk does play a significant role here. Generally, it is advised to use cold and whole milk but 2% skim milk could be added as per your choice of lightness in the drink. For cappuccinos, short of espresso comes in, followed by steamed milk , and then the final closure milk foam layering. For latte, steamed milk is filled to the top, leaving a scope for a rim. You could also add milk foam as per your desire.  

  1. Routine clean-up 

To ensure your espresso machine continues to deliver top-notch brews, regular maintenance is essential. After each use, clean the coffee grounds from the portafilter and drip tray. Remove deposits on a routine basis that have built up inside your machine. RO-filtered water improves the taste of your espresso shots and prevents build-up. 

Espresso machines brew wonders if you use them the right way. By carefully choosing the right machine, setting it up correctly, using quality beans, and mastering the art of tamping and distribution, you can take your espresso game to a new height. Remember, practice will only make you a perfect brewer, so don’t be afraid to experiment. It’s time to roll up your sleeves, if you are still confused, Naivo has got your back! Feel free to reach out to us if you have any questions about the process.


1. How do I make my espresso taste better?

Use freshly roasted beans, grind properly before brewing, and ensure a consistent extraction time. Try experimenting with different coffee beans to discover your preferred coffee flavor profile.

2. What are the 4 key elements of an espresso machine?

The four main elements of an espresso machine are the boiler, the pump, the portafilter, and the grinder. All of these together because of the right pressure, temperature, and consistency can help you get a great shot of espresso.

3. What is the ideal espresso ratio?

1:2 is the ideal espresso ratio, that is one part coffee grounds to two parts espresso. For example, if you are using 18 grams of coffee, you should aim for a 36-gram shot of espresso. You can also adjust this ratio to suit your taste.

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